Background: NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-66 Healthcare organizations face many challenges from cybersecurity threats. This can have serious impacts on the security of patient data, the quality of patient care, and even the organization’s financial status. Healthcare organizations also must comply with regulatory requirements, such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Security Rule, which focuses on safeguarding the electronic protected health information (ePHI) held or maintained by HIPAA covered entities and business associates (collectively,